I would like at some point to study Hellenistic Judaism, and write a history of it, the history of Judah post 329 BC, when Alexander first brought the Greek Empire into contact with Judea. It is of course a massive task. Chapter 11 of Daniel prophetically explains this period with great precision. The cross-fertilization of Judaism with Greek culture is a massive subject, but if you at least grasp the extensiveness, importance, and long-term consequences of it, then you will be in a much better position to understand the Book of Romans. This study of 666 could easily be inserted into my Romans’ studies, and read in adjunct to Romans, but I have done it as a standalone piece.
These two articles below should give you a good historical introduction to the matter of Hellenistic Judaism.
Greco-Judaism : The Mystery Beast
Revelation 13: 11 Then I saw another beast that rose out of the earth; it had two horns like a lamb and it spoke like a dragon. 12 It exercises all the authority of the first beast on its behalf, and it makes the earth and its inhabitants worship the first beast, whose mortal wound had been healed. 13 It performs great signs, even making fire come down from heaven to earth in the sight of all; 14 and by the signs that it is allowed to perform on behalf of the beast, it deceives the inhabitants of earth, telling them to make an image for the beast that had been wounded by the sword and yet lived; 15 and it was allowed to give breath to the image of the beast so that the image of the beast could even speak and cause those who would not worship the image of the beast to be killed. 16 Also it causes all, both small and great, both rich and poor, both free and slave, to be marked on the right hand or the forehead, 17 so that no one can buy or sell who does not have the mark, that is, the name of the beast or the number of its name. 18 This calls for wisdom: let anyone with understanding calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a person (‘anthropos’ – man). Its number is six hundred sixty-six.
The number 666 is widely known as a Satanic symbol, but is not really understood. I will explain it as it is very significant in relation to Daniel’s 70 weeks and The Book Of Romans, however a study of Revelation is not my intention. For that, I would advise the work of Dr Stephen Jones, a leading Biblical authority who connects the Beast from the Earth with Mystery Babylon and the banking system. However, notwithstanding the generally high quality of his work, (often exceptional), he, like many others, does not have a precise answer for what 666 really means.
666 can be expressed as 666/1. As 1 = 1000 in scripture, then we can express this as 666/1000. 666/1000 = 0.666 which is the same as two thirds. So 666 can also be seen as 0.666, or two thirds. Although two thirds is a recurring number, we can express it to the third decimal place. God gives us these mathematical parameters in Exodus 20:
5 You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I the Lord your God am a jealous God, punishing children for the iniquity of parents, to the third and the fourth generation of those who reject me, 6 but showing steadfast love to the thousandth generation of those who love me and keep my commandments.
The above verses also refer to idolatry, an important consideration we shall come back to.
The first clue we get to the nature of the beast is that his number is the number of a man. The Strong’s value for man, ‘anthropos’, is 444. So we can already state that the number of man is 444, since Strong’s has given us this number. 444 is two thirds of 666, or 666 X 0.666. As man is made from the dust of the earth, then it is interesting that the beast from the earth is two thirds man from the earth.
As we have identified two thirds of the beast, let us now look for the other third. The Strong’s entry for 222 is Alexandria, the Egyptian city. So now we can add the 222 to the 444 to get 666; thus: “Alexandrian Man”. Alexandria of course was where Hellenistic Judaism was birthed, nurtured and developed, so Alexandrian Man is really Greco-Judaic Man.
The number 666 is associated with Adonikam in the Bible. However, in the same census of Adonikam’s family, the number of members of his family is recorded differently, as both 666, and 667. So just as 0.666 recurring can be rounded up to 0.667, we can consider 667 as an equivalent for 666.
If we add 223 to 444 we get 667. The Strong’s entry for 223 is Alexander. So we can also now consider “A man called Alexander” as a fit for 666.
The name Alexander can also be written as Alexandr. If we count on the simple alphabetic algebraic scale of A=1, B=2, C=3, then we can count the value of Alexandr.
ALE = 18 (A=1, L=12, E=5)
ANDR = 37 (1, N=14,D=4,R=18)
Alexandr can be expressed
ale X andr
18 X 37 = 666
So the name Alexandr sums to 666. The name of the man therefore is Alexandr.
So now we have Alexandr, and Alexandrian Man, showing themselves as 666. I am no Greek scholar, but there appears to be a certain gender ambiguity in the two forms of Alexander, Alexandrinos (222), Alexandros (223); perhaps Alexandr expresses both genders? If we add an ‘a’ to Alexandr, Alexandra, then we have a 667 form of the name, (ale X andr) + a.
What does the bible have to tell us about Alexander? Alexander the Great appears in Daniel 8 &11, where he is described as a mighty warrior. The Greek Empire is described as a goat with a great horn, the great horn being Alexander the Great. So Alexander is really emblematic of the Greek Empire. We know from history that Alexander was a homosexual. We also know from Josephus that Alexander and the Jewish priesthood struck a deal together, so we know that they were in league together. As a matter of fact, the accommodation the priesthood made with Alexander opened the door to Hellenism, so really, for brevity’s sake, we can say that Alexander is synonymous with Hellenistic Judaism.
We also have some references to “Alexanders” in the New Testament. The most interesting is Paul’s description of someone he falls out very badly with.
1 Timothy 1: 19 …..By rejecting conscience, certain persons have suffered shipwreck in the faith; 20 among them are Hymenaeus (‘belonging to marriage’) and Alexander, whom I have turned over to Satan, so that they may learn not to blaspheme.
It is interesting that Paul mentions a shipwreck here, because the ship which got shipwrecked on Malta was from Alexandria. This implies that their faith was corrupted by Hellenistic Judaism, as Hellenistic Judaism originates in Alexandria:
Acts 28:11 Three months later we set sail on a ship that had wintered at the island, an Alexandrian ship with the Twin Brothers as its figurehead. (The Twin Brothers: Dióskouroi, dee-os’-koo-roy; sons of Jupiter [Zeus], i.e. the twins Dioscuri:—Castor and Pollux.)
To be clear, Paul is talking prophetically here. The twin brothers are Judaism and Hellenism. Their shared father is Satan, also known as Zeus in Greek, or Jupiter in Roman. The brothers, Castor and Pollux, Judaism and Hellenism, are married together (Hymenaeus) in a homosexual union. (I talk about this extensively in my study of Romans.)
Later we see that Paul has a problem with Alexander:
2 Timothy 4: 14 Alexander the coppersmith did me great harm; the Lord will pay him back for his deeds. 15 You also must beware of him, for he strongly opposed our message.
The beast empires described in Nebuchadnezzar’s dream of the statue of a man, describe the third empire as having thighs of bronze. ‘Nekhash’ should actually be translated as copper here, so copper is the metal associated with the Greek Empire. (see http://www.gods-kingdom-ministries.net/daily-weblogs/2015/03-2015/daniel-2-nebuchadnezzars-dream-part-3/)
Alexander the coppersmith therefore has a prophetic sense here, indicating the Greek Empire. As I have shown in my studies of Daniel’s 70 Weeks and The Olivet Discourse, the period of Judean subjugation to foreign rule was disrupted for 103 & 1/2 years when the Hasmonean Dynasty overthrew the Greeks temporarily. This caused the prophetic period to be interrupted, resulting in those 103 & 1/2 years ‘owed’ to Greece to be added on at the end of the time of the Gentiles. Thus the time of the Gentiles has been extended, 17 years for the annulment of King Cyrus’ decree, and 103.5 years for the Hasmonean disruption. Thus the time of the Gentiles has been extended from 1913 to 2033, with 2017 (around May time) marking a very significant date . Literally: 1913 – 2017 – 2033. The time owed to the Greek Empire has been intercalated from 1913 to 2017. This is represented in Daniel 7 by the fourth beast having claws of copper. (This 120 year period is somewhat complex, as there was an extra half year added to the Hebrew calendar in 1447BC when God gave the Law at Mt Sinai, so it may in fact workout at 2034 with the addition of an extra half year).
This final period of Greek time is of immense significance in every way. Although it is ostensibly the time of the Greek Empire, added on at the end of the 4 beast kingdoms’ time, really the Greek Empire has now become the Greco-Judean Empire, otherwise known as Hellenistic Judaism. So the period of time from 1913-2017 has been defined by these two belief systems, working in union. The Greek element is known as Sodom, the Jewish element as Egypt, (see my study on Romans 1), as per Revelation 11 verse 8. This Greco-Judaic union is known as Mystery Babylon. Its system is defined by bondage to usury, and homosexual values. The first 53.5 years, 1913-1967 are defined by the banking element, (the Federal reserve was set up in 1913), the last 50 years, 1967-2017 are defined by homosexual values. Britain first proposed decriminalizing homosexuality in 1966, and the bill was finally passed in 1967. This division of the 103.5 years is reflected in the recent Orlando gay massacre, where 50 died, (including the homosexual shooter), and 53 were injured.
We can also get a second witness to the meaning of 666 through another filter. The Hebrew number for a man is 6. The number of the Greek Empire in Nebuchadnezzar’s dream was 3, as it was the third empire. So Greek Man has the number 18, (6X3).
The nation of Israel existed for 37 generations, (1407BC – 73AD = 1480 completed years.) Therefore Greek Israelite Man sums at 666, (18 X 37). We can call this man “Alexandrian Man”.